Laboratory Animals - Introductory Text
Ethics of Animal Research
By I. A. S. Olsson, P. Robinson & P. Sandøe
Handbook of Laboratory Animal Science. 2010
In the following sections of the chapter, we focus on what can be done to uphold a high ethical standard when animals are used for experimentation. This part of the discussion is based on the assumption - not universally accepted - that it can sometimes be acceptable to use animals for research. We begin this part of the discussion by examining the moral significance of the species to which an experimental animal belongs. Discussions about the use of animals in research often gravitate toward questions about benefits and costs, and the next two sections reflect this.
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